What are County Narrative Profiles?
The Labor Market and Career Information (LMCI) department of the Texas
Workforce Commission (TWC) has developed the County Narrative Profile
(CNP) as a tool for presenting Texas county based statistical data in
an easy-to-read narrative format. This CNP module is one of many
analytical tools available from the
. The narrative
approach is an alternative to looking through stacks of tables and
charts which can be confusing and difficult to understand or interpret.
It allows the user to easily request an easy to understand report on
one or more of the 254 counties in Texas. To review all the current
TWC's initiatives and services, link to: http://www.twc.state.tx.us
The Reagan County region (FIPS code:48383) had an estimated population of
3,326 in 2000. The region consists of 1,176 square miles with a population
of 2.83 residents per square mile compared to a statewide
density of 79.54.
This county ranked
in 2000 population compared to all 254 counties in Texas. Reagan County
is a member of TWC's Concho Valley Local Workforce Development region.
This area is a rural
This county also ranked 44th
by square miles when compared to all counties in Texas.
The Reagan County area
is assigned to the following district(s): Texas Representative District(s) of 85 and State Senatorial
District(s) of 28. The area is in the U.S. Congressional District(s) of:
23. The county seat is Big Lake and the county's major city, town
is Big Lake. See Texas Online at
for State and local updates. Reagan County is classified as a rural
county by virtue of either its close relationship with a significant
central city or lack thereof. Using 2000 Census population data,
roughly 86.05 percent of all Texas population could be found in the 76
metropolitan counties defined by the federal Office of Management and
Budget (OMB) for 2003. In 1993 the county was classified as a rural
county. Texas has established a network of 24 Councils of
(COGs) to assist local governments in planning for common needs and to
coordinate regional economic development activity. Reagan County falls
within the Concho Valley Council of Governments region. For additional
information and links to the COG regions see www.txregionalcouncil.org/
The Office of the State Climatologist in College Station, under the guidance of the National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration, maintains 10-year intervals of weather compilations. For most recent interval as of
January 1, 1993, the rainfall
in the region averages 19.2 inches per year compared to the
Texas average of 30.1 inches per year. The average growing season
in the Reagan County region is 229 days.
Texas is so climatically diverse that statewide averages are generally irrelevant as a means of comparison. The average
in January gathered by the Office of the State Climatologist ranges from 28 degrees to an
average for July of 94 degrees. The Texas Department of Agriculture estimates
the freeze dates
range from Nov 12 to Mar 28. Current and past climate information
can be found at http://www.farmersalmanac.com/weather/uszone5.html
Natural amenities of the area, according to the U.S. Department of Interior, reflect an overall percent of surface water
of 0.1 percent compared to 2.5 percent statewide. The land surface form
topography for the region is described as smooth plains. Considerably
more detailed information can be found at: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/texaswater/sb1/
Local Workforce Boards:
Reagan County is a member of the TWC Concho Valley local workforce
board area. In order to contact the board or TWC's Tele Center by
phone, call 1-800-939-6631. Local addresses, references to specific
needs and services can be found at the Concho Valley web site at http://www.twc.state.tx.us/dirs/wdas/wda12.html
For further information on all Local Workforce Board go to http://www.twc.state.tx.us/dirs/wdbs/wdbmap.html
According to the 2000 Census, Texas grew from 16,986,510 in 1990 to
20,851,820 in 2000 reflecting an increase of
22.8 percent growth.
During this same time period, the Reagan County region had
a decrease from 4,514 persons to
3,326 persons which reflected a -26.3
A variety of data topics for Texas and all the counties is available at: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/48000.html
The region's race/ethnic distibution in 2000 is estimated by the Census Bureau to be:
º Hispanic count includes White, Black and other representation when reported.
County to County Migration
The age distribution of an area can provide valuable insight into the region's economic composition and income potential.
By national standards, Texas has a relatively young population. The 2000 Census estimates for Texas show a population
composition as follows:
While the median age for Texas was 32.30 years in 2000, the Reagan County area
had a median age of 32.40 according to the 2000 Census.
The gender distribution of an area can provide additional insight into
the region's overall distribution in the population by male and female.
Of the area's population, 1,667 were male which represents 50.1 percent
and 1,659 were female which represents 49.9 percent. This compares to
the statewide percentage of 49.6 percent for male and 50.4 percent for
Special Age Groups and Gender
Youth and Older Workers:
Other age cohorts may be of special interest for
Workforce Development Board's summer youth programs and older worker
programs. The Reagan County region has 905 persons age 14-21
representing 17.2 percent of the population. This
compares with 13.3 percent statewide. For the potential
older age cohort, 486 persons or
9.2 percent are 55 or over
Reagan County region based on the 2000 Census. This compares to
9.9 percent statewide.
If the population cohort 45 and over is higher than the state average,
this suggests a stable, mature population comprised of mainly "empty-nesters," retirees and the aged. When the 25-44 age
cohort is higher than the state average, this is a healthy economic situation since this group contains the greatest share
of the labor force. Decreases over time in this group, especially when similar changes are not occurring statewide, can be
an indication that people are moving out of an area they consider to be a poor labor market. In Reagan County the
total number in the age groups of 25 to 44, was 1,476 or
28.0 percent. This compares to a statewide
percentage of 31.9 percent.
Ages 18 and Older:
For the population generally considered in the ages
to participate in the labor market, the total population who were 18 years and over totaled
14,965,061 in Texas which represented 71.8
percent of the total population. In this study area, the total persons in this age group was
2,189 or 65.8
percent of the total population. Within this age group in Texas the number of males in 2000 who were 18 years and over
represented 7,338,177 persons or 35.2
percent of the total population while females age 18 years and over represented 7,626,884
or 36.6 percent. In the Reagan County area, males 18 and over
represented 1,097 or 33.0 percent
in comparison and females totaled to 1,092 or
According to the U.S. Bureau of Census, the area had 2,188 persons in
the population age 18 years and older in the year 2000. Of that number,
188 or 8.6 percent responded as being a civilian veteran, compared to
11.8 percent statewide. A "civilian veteran" is a person 18 years old
or over who has served (even for a short time), but is not now serving,
on active duty in the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or the
Coast Guard, or who served in the U.S. Merchant Marine during World War
II. People who served in the National Guard or military Reserves are
classified as veterans only if they were ever called or ordered to
active duty, not counting the 4-6 months for initial training or yearly
From the 2000 Census, data on Disability
Status were derived when respondents reported long-lasting conditions: (a) blindness, deafness, or a
severe vision or hearing impairment, (sensory disability) and (b) a condition that substantially
limits one or more basic physical activities such as walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting, or
carrying (physical disability). Disability status was also derived if the individuals in the
working age range of 21 to 64 years had a physical, mental, or emotional condition lasting 6 months
or more that made it difficult to perform certain activities such as: (a) learning, remembering, or
concentrating (mental disability); (b) dressing, bathing, or getting around inside the home
(self-care disability); (c) going outside the home alone to shop or visit a doctor's office (going
outside the home disability); and (d) working at a job or business (employment disability).
It was reported in the 2000 Census that the area had an estimated 982
persons residing there between the ages of 5 to 20 years of age with approximately 39 or
4.0 percent with a disability
In Texas, the percent with disabilities in this same age bracket was
7.9 percent. In the working age population group -
ages 21 to 64 years, the area had approximately 1,698 persons, of which
243 were categorized to be in a disability status.
This represented 14.3 percent compared to
19.9 percent in the state overall.
For those persons in this age group that had a disability, approximately 126 or
51.9 percent were employed. For those who had no disability,
an estimated 1,110 or 76.3
percent were employed. For the retirement age group of 65 years of age and older, 326 persons resided of
which 153 were disabled. The percent of this age group with a disabled status was
46.9 percent and this compared to
44.8 percent in Texas overall.
Ages 65 and Older:
For the population who are considered to be at the age of retirement or
older - 65 years and older, the total number of persons in Texas was
2,072,532 or 9.9 percent of the total population in 2000. This region
had a total of 342 or 10.3 percent in this older age group. In the same
age group of 65 years and over, males in Texas represented 862,181 or
4.1 percent of the total population and females totaled to 1,210,351 or
5.8 percent, while in this study area, males totaled to 155 or 4.7
percent of all persons in this area and females represented 187 or 5.6
percent of all persons. For other general and special population
information from the 2000 Census as well as specific populations
topics, link to http://www.census.gov/census2000/states/tx.html
The Office of the State Demographer for the State of Texas distributes the most widely used population projections for
Texas. Projection estimates
in these tables and the methodology for migration scenarios
have been revised as of 2006 by the Texas State Data Center and Office
of the State Demographer - now housed at University of Texas San
Antonio. Each projection series includes three scenarios resulting in
three alternative sets of population values for the State and each
county are presented in these projections. These scenarios assume the
same set of mortality and fertility assumptions in each scenario but
differ in their assumptions relative to net migration. The net
migration assumptions made for three scenarios are derived from
1990-2000 patterns which have been altered relative to expected future
population trends. This is done by systematically and uniformly
altering the adjusted 1990-2000 net migration rates by age, sex and
race/ethnicity. The scenarios so produced are referred to as the zero
migration (0.0) scenario, the one-half 1990-2000 (0.5) scenario, the
1990-2000 (1.0) scenario and the 1990-2000 (2.0) scenario.
The recommended scenario for most county based projection reporting
used is believed to be the 0.5 scenario as most appropriate scenario
for most counties in Texas. This scenario has been prepared as an
approximate average of the zero (0.0) and 1990-2000 (1.0) scenarios. It
assumes rates of net migration one-half of those of the 1990s. The
reason for including this scenario is that many counties in the State
are unlikely to continue to experience the overall levels of relatively
extensive growth of the 1990s. A scenario which projects rates of
population growth that are approximately an average of the zero and the
1990-2000 scenarios is one that suggests slower but steadier growth
than occurred during 1990-2000 (For a more detailed discussion see http://txsdc.utsa.edu
Using this projection scenario, the following table represents population projections for Reagan County:
|Population Projections and Percent Change Since 2000*
* Anglo, Black,and Other excludes Hispanic counts.
For comparison purposes, the Texas population projections, using the same scenario methodology, are as follows:
|Population Projections and Percent Change Since 2000*
* Anglo, Black,and Other excludes Hispanic counts.
Internal Revenue Service (IRS) information regarding changes in
residences between two filing years 2005 and 2006, statistics regarding
moving in and out of counties can reveal patterns of migration as well
as patterns of out-of-state and foreign migration to and from selected
counties. During this time Reagan County reported 1,033 total tax were
matched to tabulate outflow migration. Of these returns approximately
8.2 percent showed a change in residences by moving out from their
originating county in 2005 to another county in 2006. Of these who
moved out of their original county, 88.2 percent moved to another
county within Texas, while 11.8 percent moved to a different state but
within the U.S. Those who moved from their originating county in the
year 2005 to a foreign country in 2006 was approximately 0.0 percent.
During the period 2005 to 2006, there were approximately 1,007 total
tax returns were matched to calculate inflow migration. Of these
returns approximately 5.9 percent showed a change in residences by
moving in from their originating county in 2005 to a county in the
study area in 2006. Of these who moved into the study area from another
county, 0.0 percent moved from other counties in Texas, while 0.0
percent moved from a county in a different state but within the U.S.
Those who moved into the study area during the 2005-2006 period from a
foreign country was approximately 0.0 percent.
According to the Texas Department of State Health Services for vital
statistics for the year 2004, the Reagan County area had a total of 47
live births which represents a live birth rate
15.0 births for every 1,000 persons in
the study area compared to a statewide rate of
17.0 births per 1,000 persons in the
population. The area had a total of 20 deaths
representing a rate of
6.4 for every 1,000 persons compared to
a statewide rate of 6.8.
Civilian Labor Force (CLF):
The most recent civilian labor force estimates from TWC for Texas statewide in February 2008 is 11,500,870 which is
an increase in the labor force of 82,731
persons since February 2007. This represents a
0.7 percent change in Texas during this time period. These estimates are not seasonally adjusted.
Reagan County had a civilian labor force of 2,548 for February 2008
which was a change of 155 in
CLF since February 2007. This change represented
an increase of 6.5
percent for the study area. For another glimpse into TWC/LMI's Texas and County information,
link to: http://www.tracer2.com/cgi/dataanalysis/AreaSelection.asp?tableName=Labforce
Relative to the Texas economy, the LMCI economic diversification index measures the degree to which a county economy is
diversified. Significant concentrations of employment in only one or two industrial sectors makes an area less diversified
and more susceptible to widespread economic decline should a key sector suffer a significant loss. While economic
diversification or a balanced distribution of employment across all major industry sectors, is generally desirable, in some
cases, especially where a region is exploiting a comparative advantage (such as access to raw materials, access to
transportation routes, etc.) a statistically diverse economy does not necessarily correlate with higher growth.
Of the three levels of diversification ranging from below average, average and above average,
Reagan County had an economic base which is of average diversity.
Employment By Major Industry Sector:
The most recent employment data from TWC by major industrial sector for Reagan County compared to Texas
are shown below in a table for two years. The Department of Labor calls these major categories "Super Sectors".
One advantage in reviewing employment changes at broad industrial
levels is that it allows for a unique snapshot of major differences in the total civilian labor force for a selected study
area when compared to any larger statewide trend. When employment changes at a higher rate than the state, there
may be comparative advantages in the local economy which are driving these changes. Conversely, when change is at
a lower rate, then the Super Sector is showing less growth in comparison to the state and may consequently have a
smaller comparative change impact.
|Total, All Industries
|Natural Resources & Mining
|Trade, Transport. & Utilities
|Financial Activities Group
|Prof., Business & Other Svcs
|Education & Health Svcs.
|Leisure & Hospitality Group
Compared to Texas, the table above shows
employment sectors in Reagan County changed at a higher rate for
, Trade, Transport. & Utilities
, Financial Activities Group
, Prof., Business & Other Svcs
, Education & Health Svcs.
, Leisure & Hospitality Group
and Other Services
between 1st quarter 2006 and 1st quarter 2007. During that same time period, area employment for
Natural Resources & Mining
and Public Administration
changed at a lower rate when compared to Texas.
The best source of occupational information
at the county level is from the 2000 Census. The total number of persons 16 years
of age or older who were employed in Reagan County during the 2000 Census was 1,406. The
following presents a table of those employed by occupational categories for this region compared to statewide percentages:
Class of Worker:
|Mgmt., Professional Occs.
|Sales and Office Occupations
|Constr., Extraction Occs.
|Production, Transport. Occs.
Another way to view the types of workers in an area's labor force is by class of worker. According to the 2000 Census,
the area had 895 employees who were private wage and salary workers representing
percent of all workers. The region had another 306 persons who were government workers or
percent, 188 who were self employed workers or
percent and 17 who were unpaid family workers representing
percent. This compares to the Texas statewide distribution of
percent for private wage and salary workers,
percent for government workers,
percent for self employed, and
percent for unpaid family workers.
According to TWC unemployment figures for February 2008 Reagan County had
an unemployment estimate of 46 persons which represents a rate of
1.8 compared to a Texas statewide unemployment
rate of 4.3 for the same month.
For the study area these estimates represent a decrease
from February 2007 unemployment rate of
The Texas statewide
unemployment rate was 4.6
for February 2007. For the latest unemployment rates, see TWC's
LMI website - Unemployment Rates (LAUS): http://www.tracer2.com/cgi/dataanalysis/AreaSelection.asp?tableName=Labforce
and for a
description of methodology link to: http://www.tracer2.com/article.asp?ARTICLEID=148
The TWC indicates
119 business reporting units operating in Reagan County in the first quarter of 2007 with an
average of 15.64 workers per unit. Average firm size makes a
difference for job hunting and job development strategy because larger firms tend to have better defined ports of entry and
in-house training capabilities. Although definitions vary greatly, small business can be defined as less than 50 workers and
medium sized is 250 or less. The Texas average is 22.86
workers per unit. Regions with higher than average number of workers per unit
tend to be dominated economically by a few very large employers.
Commuting to Work:
Commuting to work for workers 16 years and over
has a number of implications for transportation and municipal services study. Reagan County had a total of
1,046 or 74.9 percent who drove their car to work alone,
263 or 18.8 percent who car pooled,
0 or 0.0 percent used public transportation,
30 or 2.1 percent who walked to work,
21 or 1.5 percent of regional workers who used other means to work, and
37 or 2.6 percent who worked at home.
These methods of commuting to work compare to the Texas statewide results by:
car alone (77.7%),
car pool (14.5%),
public transportation (1.9%),
other means (1.3%),
and worked at home (2.8%).
The average travel time to work in minutes was 18.80 for the region as compared to an
overall statewide average of 25.4 minutes.
Employers by Employee Size Class:
According to the information used by the
which utilizes the American
Labor Market Information System's (ALMIS) employer contact data from INFOUSA, Inc. for Fall, 2004, the area had approximately
establishments which employed 10 or more employees. Of these employers, approximately
employed over 1000 employees.
percent employed between approximately 500 and 999 employees,
percent employed between approximately 100 and 499 employees,
percent employed between 50 and 99 employees,
percent employed between 20 and 49 employees, and
percent employed between approximately 10 and 19 employees.
Top 3 Manufacturers for the Reagan County Region:
Fisher Lease Svc
According to the most recent data released
by the BEA 2005, Reagan County's total personal income, excluding farm, was $79,153,000 which
represented an increase of
$10,939,000 when compared to the 2004 total personal income, excluding farm, of
$ 68,214,000. For Statewide personal income, the total of
$686,943,289,000 for 2004 and $741,099,703,000
for the year 2004, shows an increase
This indicates that Reagan County has a personal income showing a rate change of
16.0 percent compared to the statewide income at
a rate change of 7.9
percent for the same period.
Income from all government and government enterprises for the
area was a total of $13,032,000 for the year 2005. This
was an increase of 5.2 percent from the 2004 figure of
$12,392,000. Texas statewide had
an increase of 5.7 percent for government income.
Military income, excluding federal civilian income, for 2005 was $272,000
compared to $251,000 in 2004 for the study area. This was
an increase of 8.4 percent compared to a statewide change of
no change percent for the
same period. For further information link to:
Per Capita Income: Total personal income is a widely used
measure of regional economic health while per capita income is generally used to compare the relative well-being of
residents across areas (not accounting for differences in area cost of living). The per capita personal income for
2005 was $26,725 in Reagan County while Texas
statewide had a per capita income of
For more information on this data, please go to
Government Transfer Payments:
The Reagan County region received over $13,819,000 in transfer of payments in FY2005 which
reflected a $4,600 per capita transfer payment compared to the
Texas per capita payment of $4,194. Transfer payments includes the total amount of government allocations to people who
qualify for income assistance. This consists largely of supplemental security income payments, family assistance, general
assistance payments, food stamp payments, and other assistance payments, including emergency assistance.
For more information on this data, please go to
Some areas function as major employment centers and others serve as
"bedroom communities". This means that residents may work in one region
but live, pay taxes and spend most of their income in their resident
region. The degree to which a regional area serves as a bedroom
community can be measured by a "residence adjustment" to the area
personal income. The residence adjustment in the Reagan County region
was $-12,888 in 2004. By 2005 the adjustment represented a decrease to
$-18,062. A negative number implies that workers commute into the
region to earn income but do not reside there. Growth over time of
negative residence adjustments generally implies an eroding tax base
for the region. Similarly, a positive figure implies that on balance
the region exports jobs and income to residents of other regions. For
more information on this data, please go to http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis.
Average Weekly Wage:
TWC reported an average weekly wage during 1st quarter 2006 for all covered wages and salaried employment in the Reagan County
region to be $737.02. Average weekly wages for 1st quarter
2007 was $782.41,
an increase of 6.2 percent.
This is compared to
an increase of 5.5 percent
statewide for the same period of time. The Texas statewide average weekly wage in the 1st quarter of 2007 was
$871.46. These wage data are the result of the
reported quarterly wages and salaries paid by employers divided by 13 weeks. For the most current information, link to: http://www.tracer2.com/cgi/dataanalysis/AreaSelection.asp?tableName=Industry
The region had $61,939 in Unemployment Insurance benefits paid during
calendar year 2001. In the Reagan County region, the average duration
before exhausting regular UI benefits in calendar year 2001 was
approximately 15.74 weeks, while the statewide average duration before
exhausting regular UI benefits in calendar year 2001 was approximately
15.85 weeks. The most likely interpretation of longer duration times is
greater difficulty finding a job. Therefore, duration can serve as a
good barometer for local general economic conditions. The average
weekly benefits payment for Regular UI in 2001 was $171.10 for the
Reagan County region compared to $238.53 in Texas statewide.
Personal Income by Place of Residence:
Personal income by place of residence, based on the 2000 Bureau of
Economic Analysis (BEA) estimates was roughly $51,943 for the Reagan
County region. This compares to $78,626 statewide. This figure is much
higher than the per capita income level because it includes all wage
earners living within a single household. Also, income data from BEA
will be different than income data from other agencies due to that fact
the BEA includes other sources of income such as farm wages, dividends,
interest, rent and transfer payments. For more information on this
data, please go to http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis.
The U.S. Department of Census estimated a 2002 poverty population for the Reagan County
region for people of all ages at 395
persons. That figure represents 12.5 percent of the
non-institutional population compared to a Texas percentage of
percent for people of all ages.
The estimated number of
people under the age of 18 in the study area in poverty was 120 in 1999. This
figure was 2.3 percent of all people under 18 in the
study area compared to Texas statewide which was 6.0
percent of all people under 18 as estimated in 1999. According to the 2000 Census, the number of families living
below poverty status in 1999 were 83 which was
9.3 percent of all families in the study area. This compared
to 12.0 percent of all families statewide
living in poverty status in 1999. The total number of individuals living below poverty
status was 387 in 1999 which was
11.6 percent of all individuals
in the study area. This compared to 15.0
percent of all individuals living below poverty status statewide. For the most recent Poverty information,
see: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/saipe/county.html .
Gross Retail Sales:
Income can be viewed in several ways and under different definitions.
Per capita income tends to have a direct relationship with the growth
of gross sales and most service sector industries in an area. Gross sales for the region estimated by the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts were
$5,443,280 in the 2nd quarter 2006 which represented
a decrease of -37.8 percent
by the 2nd quarter 2007. The statewide change for the same period was
an increase of 5.7 percent in gross sales. The total number of
reporting outlets for the same period was 30 in the 2nd quarter 2006
and 29 in the 2nd quarter 2007. This region had
a decrease of -3.3 percent in the study area compared to the statewide change for the same period
of a decrease of -0.1 percent. For the most recent Gross Retail Sales
information, please see:
Household Units and Size:
The total number of housing units in 2000 in Reagan County according the Census was
1,107 with an average household size of
3.0 persons. The average household size for Texas was
persons for the same period. Home ownership rates for
this area was 78.4 percent compared
to Texas statewide which had a rate of 63.8 percent. While
in Texas statewide the percent of households with persons under 18 years of age in 2000 was
40.9 percent, this study area had a percent of
51.9. The percent of households with persons 65 years of age
or older was 19.9 percent in Texas statewide while
20.9 percent of Reagan County had households with individuals
65 years of age and older.
Types of Structures:
While Texas had approximately 63.4
percent of the housing units in the category of one detached structures in 2000 according to
the census, the study area had approximately 67.4 percent.
Mobile homes in the area made up 25.8 percent when
compared to a statewide percentage of
More recently built housing structures in the area shows new development has taken place in the region. The total number of new housing
structures built between 1995 and March 2000 was 93 or
6.4 percent in Reagan County
compared to 13.2
Owner and Renter Occupied:
According to the 2000 Census, the percent of owner-occupied units with a value of $100,000 or greater in Reagan County was
9.0 percent compared to
36.7 percent for the
state. The percent of renter-occupied units with rent values of $500 per month or greater was
25.0 percent as compared to the Texas percentage of
The median home value in Reagan County according to the 2000 census was $50,500.00 compared
to a statewide median value of $82,500.00. Median rent for the area was
$369.00 compared to $574.00 for the state.
For this area, the total number of renter-occupied housing units was 239
which represented 21.6 percent of all occupied housing units in
2000. This compares to a Texas statewide percentage of 36.2
percent for the same period.
The total number of public independent school districts in Reagan County for the school year 1999-2000 was
1 according to the Texas Education Agency. The overall average daily attendance for
the same year was 890.
School enrollment data from the 2000 Census showed that there were
1,036 persons in the population who were 3 years of age and older and
enrolled in school in the study area during the census collection
period. Of this population, the following table shows a breakdown of
what types of schools persons were enrolled compared to similar
|Type of School
|Nursery school or preschool
|Elementary School (grades 1-8)
|High School (grades 9-12)
|College or graduate school
The total number of persons 25 years of age or older who responded to
the level of educational attainment during the 2000 Census was 1,955.
Of those persons, the following presents a table on various levels of
educational attainment for this region compared to statewide
|Less than 9th Grade
|9th to 12th grade, no diploma
|H.S. graduate (inc. equiv.)
|Some college, no degree
|Graduate or Prof. Degree
Another useful grouping of these statistics shows that the percent of high school graduates or higher was
percent for the area compared to
percent for Texas. Also, the percent with bachelor's degree or higher was
9.2 percent as compared to
percent for Texas.
Dropout and Attrition Rates:
Information from the Texas Education Agency on student dropouts from public schools for 2004-2005 shows that
students, grades 7-12, dropped out of school in this study area. This represents a dropout rate
of 0.00 percent as compared to a Texas statewide
percentage of 0.90 percent of all students who
dropped out during this period. Attrition
rates are often viewed as measures of the percentage of students that
begin high school but do not graduate with a diploma. It is arguably a
more reasonable way to view dropouts from an economic viewpoint. One
way to view educational progress in a region is to estimate the number
of persons who persist to high school graduation as opposed to standard
dropout statistics. Attrition rates are calculated by the Intercultural
Development Research Association (IDRA). IDRA conducts research and
development activities; creates, implements and administers innovative
education programs; and provides teacher, administrator, and parent
training and technical assistance. The attrition rates for Reagan
County during the period 2004-2005 by race and ethnicity were 0 percent
for all students, 0 percent for Blacks, 0 percent for Whites, and 1
percent for Hispanics. In order to review the latest Secondary Schools
Enrollment and Dropouts information posted on the Texas Education
Agency, link to: http://www.tea.state.tx.us/research/.
Health Facilities - The number of acute and psychiatric care
hospitals in Reagan County as of October 2007 was 1, with an
average total beds capacity of approximately 14.0
compared to a statewide ratio of 123.1
beds per hospital according to statistical reports from the Texas Department of State Health Services. Link to
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for more data reporting on health care
facilities. The Texas State Board of Pharmacy data for October 2007 shows there are
2 licensed pharmacies in the study area.
The total number of licensed pharmacies statewide is 5,919.
For additional information on Texas Pharmacies, link to the Texas State Board of Pharmacy at
Health Practitioners - According to the Texas Department of
State Health Services October 2007 report, there were 4 direct patient
care and primary care physicians who practiced in the region. The ratio of total persons to each physician
in the area was 909.0 residents per each physician.
This compares to a statewide ratio of
persons for each physician in Texas. Another way of reporting these figures is by showing the number of physicians as
a ratio per 100,000 residents. In this study area, the ratio in direct patient care was
3,636.0 as compared to the statewide ratio of
in direct patient care physicians per 100,000 population as of 2007. The ratio of physicians in primary care was
3,636.0 compared to a statewide ratio of
physicians in primary care per 100,000 persons in the population statewide.
Link to http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for more data.
The study area had a total of 6 registered nurses (RN) working in the study
area, representing a ratio of 606.0 persons for each RN in
the area. The statewide ratio was 152.2
persons for each RN in the state. For the same time period, the ratio of RNs per 100,000 population was
per 100,000 statewide. Link to http://www.dshs.state.tx.us
for more data.
The number of licensed vocational nurses (LVN) who practiced in the area was 9
representing a ratio of 404.0 persons per each LVN in the area.
This compared to 363.8
persons per each LVN statewide. The ratio of LVNs per 100,000 population was
per 100,000 population statewide. See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us
for a wider variety of Health Professionals and related information.
The Texas Department of State Health Services information for October 2007 also reports that there were
0 dentists in the study area, with a ratio of
n/a persons for each dentist in the area.
The ratio of dentists per 100,000 residents was
By comparison, there was a statewide ratio of
dentists per 100,000 residents, with a total of 10,151 dentists statewide. See
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health
Professionals and related information.
According to data from the Texas Department of State Health Services for October 2007, there were
15 licensed Emergency Medical Technicians, or EMTs, for the study
area; a ratio of
licensed EMTs per 100,000 residents. The statewide ratio was
EMTs per 100,000 residents, with a total of
51,718 EMTs statewide. See
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of
Health Professionals and related information.
Also, according to the October 2007 report from the Texas Department of State Health Services, there were
pharmacists in this area, which is a ratio of
persons for each pharmacist. Texas has 18,138 pharmacists statewide, or a ratio of
for each pharmacist in the area.
The ratio of pharmacists per 100,000 residents was
per 100,000 residents statewide.
See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health
Professionals and related information.
The Texas Department of State Health Services information for October 2007 shows that for the study area there were
0 occupational therapists; a ratio of n/a
persons for each occupational therapist. The statewide ratio was 11,072.6
persons for each occupational therapist, with a total of 2,143 occupational therapists
The ratio of occupational therapists per 100,000 residents was
See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Health
Professionals and related information.
Medical & Health Services Employment*
|2006 1st Qtr
||2007 1st Qtr
|2006 1st Qtr
||2007 1st Qtr
Includes: Hospitals, Medical/Health Offices; Home Health, Nursing, Elderly Residential facilities;
Individual/Family, Emergency & Other Relief Svcs., Vocational Rehab. Svcs.
Due to confidentiality, employment for small areas may be suppressed and reported as zero.
Health Statistics - Some of the leading causes of mortality in Texas
include malignant neoplasms or cancer, heart disease, and chronic lower respiratory disease. From information
gathered by Texas Department of State Health Services for 2004, the study area had a total of
2 reported deaths from malignant neoplasm cancer. On a statewide level, Texas had
33,836 reported deaths from malignant neoplasm cancer. Texas Department of State Health Services reports that
for 2004 there were 6 deaths from heart disease, and
2 deaths from lower respiratory disease in the selected
study area. By contrast, Texas statewide had 40,091 deaths from heart disease and
7,387 deaths from chronic lower respiratory disease. See
http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of Texas
health, disease and related information.
Several state agencies collect statistics on health status indicators
that can be used to assess the strengths or weaknesses of public health
in a local area or community. For this study area, the Texas Department
of State Health Services reported for August 2004 there were 0 infant deaths, as compared with a statewide rate of
2,398. See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us
for a wider variety of Texas health, disease and related information.
The Texas Department of State Health Services reported that for August 2003 there were 2
total teen pregnancies in this area. There were different teen pregnancy rates in the study area depending on race, with
0 for Black teens, 1 for Hispanic teens and
1 for White teens. Statewide rates for teenage pregnancy were
19,730 for total teenage pregnancies, with 3,003 for Black
teens, 12,693 for Hispanic teens and 4,034 for White teens.
See http://www.dshs.state.tx.us for a wider variety of
Texas health, disease and related information.
In the Health and Human Services 2003 Data Book, figures show that the number of children
under 19 in this area whom were not covered by health insurance is 186,
which is 6.1%
of the reported population in that age group. The number of uninsured children statewide is
885,999, or 7.1%
of the reported population for children under 19. For more information, or to view or download the entire data book, see
Information On The Web
The Bureau of Census has a variety of useful Quick Facts for each county in Texas.
The Quick Fact report for Reagan county can be accessed at the following URL:
Some counties maintain their own Internet sites for local information. If a county hosts its own Web site, it may be
accessed through a URL with the following format http://www.co.County Name Goes Here.tx.us.
To research additional websites on Counties, consider any of the following:
Other Facts of Interest
According to the Texas Secretary of State's Office, for the November 2004 presidential election, there were
1,941 registered voters in Reagan County. The voter turnout was
1,143 representing 58.9
percent of eligible voters. The election results were 956
or 83.6 percent for Bush/Cheney,
184 or 16.1 percent for
Kerry/Edwards, and 3 or 0.3
percent for all other presidential candidates. The statewide results were 61.1
percent for Bush/Cheney, 38.2 percent for
Kerry/Edwards, and approximately 0.7 percent for
all other candidates.
for other topics of interest.
- Information on the three categories of child placement
services from the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services
for 2006 showed that the area had 0 foster homes, 0 foster/adoptive homes and
0 adoptive homes. The total number of licensed day care facilities were
3 with a total capacity of 97.
number of family homes licensed for 24-hour care was 0.
Link to http://www.dfps.state.tx.us/About/Data_Books_and_Annual_Reports/2006/databook/default.asp for further information.
In Reagan County, there were approximately 17 crimes reported for every 1,000
persons in 1998 and 12 crimes reported in 1999 for every 1,000 persons. This
compares to a statewide total of approximately 52 crimes in 1998 and
51 crimes reported for every 1,000 person in Texas.
See the U.S. Dept. of Justice site: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/dtdata.htm for
the most recent reported data.
The total jail capacity for public and private jails in the region was 96 as
of October 1, 2006 according to the Texas Commission on Jail Standards. Jail population was at
88.5 percent capacity when compared to maximum capacity. At
this same time, this compared to a statewide capacity of 90.4
percent. For more detailed information, see
The region had 2 commercial banks in 2007, as reported by the Federal Deposit
Insurance Corporation (FDIC), with total deposits of $56,000,000 and assets of
$0. The 2007 deposit to population ratio
was $18,598 for the Reagan County region compared to the Texas ratio of
$13,816. A ratio less than the state average generally indicates either
the presence of an adjacent city or county not within the described
region serving as a regional financial center, or per capita income
well below the state average. These numbers do not reflect assets and
deposits which are held in branch offices of banks whose headquarters
are in another city or state. The most recent FDIC data for this area
is at http://www2.fdic.gov/sod/index.asp.
While all countries in Texas are served by banks, savings and loan institutions and credit unions, many
counties may not show these offices directly reported in its geography by the FDIC or other governing agencies.
For the period for reporting for 2007 in Reagan County, the number of saving and loans was
0 which had a total of savings and loan assets of
$0 and deposits of $0
These figures are in contrast to the statewide total of 54
savings and loans, with $7,767,193,400 in assets and
$12,067,400,000 in deposits. For more information, please see:
were 0 credit unions in the study area according to
the National Credit Union Administration data. For 2007, the latest year of reported data, these credit
unions had a total of $0 in assets and $0
in deposits, as compared to a total of 615 credit unions
statewide, with $48,883,686,146 in assets and
$36,648,314,014 in deposits. Credit union statistics and other information
on credit unions can be found at